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Reaffirmation Agreement

An agreement by a debtor to continue paying a dischargeable debt after the bankruptcy, usually for the purpose of keeping collateral or mortgaged property that would otherwise be subject to repossession.

Reasonable Doubt

A doubt as to the guilt of an individual that a reasonable person would have at the conclusion of a trial.


A written account of the proceedings in a case, including all pleadings, evidence, and exhibits submitted in the course of the case.


A procedure in a Chapter 7 case whereby a debtor removes a secured creditor’s lien on collateral by paying the creditor the value of the property. The debtor may then retain the property.


Send back.


A plaintiff’s response to a defendant’s answer containing a counterclaim.


  • (a) The defending party in a proceeding;
  • (b) the party against whom an appeal is taken.


A party rests when he or she has no other evidence to offer.


The act of a court setting aside the decision of a lower court. A reversal is often accompanied by a remand to the lower court for further proceedings.